Thursday, February 4, 2010

Social Media and the Modern Day Classroom

(I was invited to speak at Social Media Week on Social Media and the Modern Day Classroom. These are my remarks.)

I was hired at York University in 2006, and -- like most new faculty -- I was full of ideas and energy for transforming undergraduate teaching as we know it. At the time I was also starting to play around with blogs, so it seemed natural to try to bring the blog into the classroom.

My idea was to replace the standard course website with a blog: the unchanging details of the course (schedule, location, etc.) could still be hosted in some static place, but the blog would communicate the day-to-day details of the course. My first attempt, still online, can be found here. It was an incredible success: the blog formed the core of a vibrant community, which allowed the students to communicate both with me and among themselves. One student was even inspired to start his own blog, transcribing my course notes after each lecture. Not all of the feedback was positive, of course; I kept the commenting system open to allow anonymous comments, and students took full advantage to express their frustrations and problems. But this was also a huge positive -- too often, the professor gets a sterile view of how the students are doing, because nobody is brave enough to speak up.

So began my efforts to integrate social media into the classroom. In addition to blogs, I've experimented with three other social media sites: facebook, YouTube, and Twitter. Each has its own unique features. Facebook and Twitter are quite similar: in Facebook, my approach is to create groups for each class; in Twitter, I create a class twitter account which students follow (and vice versa). These sites are, I guess you could say, "democratic" (although a less charitable word would be "anarchic") -- unlike a blog, there is far less room for the instructor to direct the conversation, and it shows. YouTube, though it re-creates the experience of listening to a lecture, turns out to be surprisingly passive: again unlike blogs, my students are reluctant to use YouTube's commenting features to leave feedback, which takes away from the sense of community (then again, perhaps this is not so surprising, since YouTube is comparable to the highly passive activity of watching television). In comparison, I would argue that the blog is as close as one can get in social media to the lecture: a blog post sets out a particular thesis, and permits an organized discussion on that thesis.

It's worth considering whether social media can replace the university classroom, and I'm going to cop out by answering "yes and no". For one thing, social media is unlikely to replace the small undergraduate class. To form a community based on social media, you need a critical mass highly committed "community builders", who are willing to jump in and participate in whatever media is in use -- be it a blog, facebook, or Twitter. In small classes, there simply aren't enough people to form a critical mass, so anyone trying to participate is left to feel awkward. However, for larger classes, social media does indeed pose an alternative to the traditional classroom order. We have already noticed the trend towards distance learning, so students are already willing to miss out on the impersonal 200-student lecture, even without social media tools at their disposal. A well-thought-out social media strategy, coupled with a high-reputation distance-learning program, could indeed recreate much of the classroom experience, and pose a viable alternative (or threat?) to the traditional university experience. The comparison between traditional universities and traditional media is chillingly apt.


norquay said...

It's a fascinating concept. It was also a pretty gutsy move to leave the comment space anonymous.

I get the feeling this is somewhat removed from the Socratic method of deliberate debate. It seems to me a great way to share information, but it's not really education. It's that interplay between two minds that makes the difference. That said, I've never had the joy of 200 person classroom so my perception is likely suspect.

Gavan said...

I used Twitter for the first time in a higher ed classroom last semester and posted some reflections on the experience. Like you, I've used a myriad of social media but might have to re-visit a blog. In my experience, I didn't have a similar community-building experience.